Brazil: Geography
Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in territory and it´s located in the eastern portion of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total area of 3,286,488 sq miles, being 3,265,076 sq miles of land and 21,411 sq miles of water. It is the largest country in South America and shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador

The country is divided in 26 states and 1 federal district. The main cities are Brasília (which is the capital of the country), São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Recife, Porto Alegre, Salvador e Manaus

The terrain is mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Although 90 percent of the country is within the tropical zone, the climate of Brazil varies considerably from the mostly tropical North to temperate zones below the Tropic of Capricorn.

Temperatures in the cities of São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, and Brasília are moderate (usually between 15°C and 30°C),Rio de Janeiro, Recife, and Salvador on the coast have warm climates, with average temperatures ranging from 23°C to 27°C, but enjoy constant trade winds. The southern cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba have a subtropical climate similar to that in parts of the United States and Europe.

Brazil Map

Source: CIA World Factbook


Brazil's demographic density: the darker the area, the more populated it is.

Source: IBGE

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